User distribution by Country
Argentina 1
Canada 2
Denmark 1
Egypt 7
Entire Middle East 1
France 1
Germany 1
India 3
Japan 2
jordan 4
kenya 1
Kuwait 1
Lebanon 30
Netherlands 2
Nigeria 1
Other 9
Pakistan 1
Palestine 3
Palestinian Authority 1
Philippines 1
Saudi Arabia 4
South Africa 2
Spain 3
Switzerland 1
Syria 11
Turkey 1
uganda 3
United Kingdom 2
USA 167
Yemen 5
Total Registered Users: 279
About this Initiative
Modern Technologies for Employment Creation and Poverty Reduction

A considerable proportion of ESCWA country populations, particularly those living in rural areas, suffer from high degrees of poverty and unemployment.

Tackling unemployment and poverty in the ESCWA, and indeed many of the Arab countries, has predominantly been geared towards social determinants, with emphasis on causative factors, amelioration measures, and social and economic policy interventions. Scant attention has been devoted to the role that modern technologies could perform in skill and employment creation, and consequently in poverty reduction. Possibilities posed by modern technologies, in particular, information and communications technologies (ICTs), selected biotechnologies and agro-food technologies, have largely been ignored. In particular, the role that ICTs could play in improving delivery of literacy, basic education, vocational training programmes as well as access to markets has largely gone unnoticed.

What is ESCWA Doing?

In July 2002, ESCWA formulated its Regional Agenda for Action on Technology, Employment, and Poverty Alleviation (ATPA), through direct cooperation with the International Labour Organization (ILO).

ESCWA initiative on Technology, Employment, and Poverty Alleviation (TEPA)

The TEPA initiative is designed to explore and pilot concepts and modalities aimed at harnessing new technologies for employment creation and poverty reduction in the Arab countries. Through TEPA, ESCWA, together with its partners, will design, test and validate approaches aimed at:

- facilitating access by poor populations to literacy programmes, basic education and vocational training with a view to ultimately creating gainful employment;

- helping enterprises achieve higher efficiencies and lower costs as they communicate with one another, with their customers and with regulatory authorities, seek improved sourcing, and access to wider markets; hence increase their ability to create new employment opportunities.

A number of modalities have been identified for delivery of new technology inputs at the local community level. The following are examples of such modalities:

- Multipurpose Technology Community Centres act as vehicles for delivery of a wide range of interventions targeting employment and skill creation using new technologies including but not limited to ICTs.

- Smart Community Projects are designed to deliver benefits of both new and mature technologies to impoverished communities in the form of power generation, water treatment, ICTs and workshop facilities to help support small local and micro enterprises as well as deliver essential educational and vocational training and a host of social services.

-Agro-Food Production Activities through which the feasibility of introducing capabilities for the production, packaging and marketing of relatively new agro-food products (such as mushroom farming, aquaculture, essential oil extraction, etc.) into selected locations will be investigated and piloted.

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