The following terms have been largely selected from the glossary of the Gender Statistics Website of the United Nations Economic Commission (UNECE). See UNECE gender statistics glossary.


Labour force
Includes all persons who fulfill the requirement for inclusion among the employed or unemployed, measured in relation to a short reference period such as one day or one week. Same as economically active population.

Labour force survey
Usually conducted each month, quarter, half-yearly or annually. The geographical coverage can differ, as can the topics covered by the survey.

Life expectancy
Estimate of the number of years to be lived by a female or male newborn, based on current age-specific mortality rates.

Life expectancy at birth
Average number of years a new-born infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality were to continue throughout the child's life.

Live birth
Complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, which after such separation breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movement of voluntary muscle, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such a birth is considered live-born, regardless of the gestation age.

Long-term unemployment
Those people who have been unemployed for 12 months or more.