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Transport Sector Energy Consumption Surveys Outcomes and National Energy Policies
The availability of accurate, reliable and consistent energy data at the national level allows better analysis of energy supply and demand and enables policy makers to set out achievable targets for energy, energy efficiency and environmental policies. For the past few years, the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia has been implementing a project on capacity building in energy statistics and balances. It has become evident that a considerable gap still exists between the demand for information and the ability of most member countries to routinely supply reliable energy statistics disaggregated by sector and by energy types, both in terms of the availability and the quality of data. The overall objective of the current project is to strengthen the capacity of the national statistical offices in the three selected member countries, namely, Egypt, Jordan and Palestine. In particular, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia is aiming to improve the quality of statistical data on energy use in the transport sector of the three chosen member countries by using a field survey methodology. This report introduces the relation between energy surveys and national energy policies, and then focuses on the transport sector of the three member countries, which covers: road transport, railway/subway and public transit system, maritime, and air transport in order to calculate the energy use by fuel types. The report gives the status of the energy data in the transport sector for these countries and the readiness of their national statistical offices to conduct a field survey. Moreover, this report reviews successful transport surveys experiences from United Kingdom and Australia followed by a brief discussion of transport surveys which were conducted in Tunisia and Morocco recently. For the most part, the national statistical offices of the three selected member countries are ready to carry out the survey and eager to produce reliable and accurate statistical data. The national survey results are published on the websites of the statistical offices of Palestine, Egypt and Jordan as well as on ESCWA’s website

Guidelines on Energy Consumption Surveys in the Transport Sector
The publication is a reference guideline on methodologies used for conducting surveys and collecting data on energy consumption in the transport sector, namely road, railway, maritime, and air transport. The first part describes the technical aspect of the different methods of statistical data collection. The second part focuses on the preferred design for energy consumption surveys. It also includes the experiences of Egypt, Jordan and Palestine in implementing the survey.

IRES التوصيات الدولية لإحصاءات الطاقة
قامت ادارة الاحصاء في اللجنة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لغربي آسيا(الاسكوا) بترجمة أولية للوثيقة الاصلية بالنكليزية من خلال مشروع التنمية "تعزيز القدرات الاحصائية الوطنية في انتاج احصاءات وميزان الطاقة" لكي تكون مرجعا" هاما" لاطلاع ذوي الشأن من كافة البلاد العربية على هذا الاطار بلغتهم الأم وبالتوقيت المناسب مما يسهم في نشر أوسع للمفاهيم وتطبيق المنهجيات المتطورة وفق تلك الوثيقة وذلك للاستعجال باصدار النسخة العربية الرسمية من قبل قسم الترجمة العربية في إدارة الأمم المتحدة للشؤون الاقتصادية

Training Manual on Methodologies for Data Collection on Energy Use by the Transport Sector
The publication will serve as reference material on methodologies for data collection on energy use by the transport sector, models for estimation (Supply and Use) and case studies from the Arab Region” with case studies on Morocco, Tunisia, Palestine and from one developed country (Canada). The publication is divided in six main parts: Starting with a brief introduction of the importance of energy use data in part one, the second part describes the standard transportation organisation based on actors, mode of transport and type of energy. More details are provided about the road transport with distinction between passengers and goods and highlighting difficulties faced between different actors and their coordination process. The third part explains the commonly used methodologies for data collection of the transport sector focusing more on road transport of passengers and goods and the sector' standard actors. Fourth part discusses designing surveys in details. It explains the main stage of the guide, then describes the principles that need to be analysed in final energy consumption surveys for the transport sector, which concerns all the economic activity sector and mode of transport, also included the sample design to get data on target variables. Questionnaires samples are attached as part of the annex VI. The fifth part describes the existing models for estimating energy statistics covering both supply and demand, and highlighting through widely used software forecasting and planning details for transport sector and experiences according to models categories. Finally, the sixth part presents the case studies from one developed country and other relevant experiences from countries of the Arab region presenting the experience of Morocco which included all energy consumers sector for transport purposes, then the Tunisian one at the level of transportation companies and gas stations, and conclude with the methodology used in Palestine for the public transport companies' survey. The publication concludes with contribution to proposing a plan for obtaining information on energy use in the different sectors.







Copyright UNESCWA 2012