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International Comparison Program - Western Asia

About the International Comparison Program
The roots of the ICP can be traced back to the old attempts in the early fifties and sixties of the last century to make comparisons of economic performances between Centrally Planned Economies (CPE) and Free Market Economies.

In 1968, Pennsylvania University developed a methodology for a limited project to carry out the work of these comparisons. Henceforth, this project was transformed into an international program, sponsored by the UNSD and financed, largely, by the World Bank, IMF and other donors.

The implementation of this program started in 1970 when a modest project to undertake comparisons in 10 countries constituted the first ICP Round. Ever since that first initiation, the ICP was developed as a recurrent international event, which was implemented in six phases. Varying but increasing numbers of countries from all regions of the world participated in its successive Rounds.

The 6th ICP Round took place in the years 1993-1996 and covered 118 countries from all the regions of the world for the first time. In this round, the World Bank assumed the role of global coordinator for the ICP in non-OECD countries, while OECD and Eurostat coordinate the ICP in their member countries.

The ICP structure, scope, objectives, methodology and modalities of work had all undergone substantive improvements. The revamped ICP is now redesigned to be a sustainable, credible, transparent and growth focused international program.

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Nature and Scope
Strategic Goals and Objectives
Expected Users
Governance Structure
Work Modalities


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