Regional Initiative for Climate Change in the Arab Region


Climate Projections and Extreme Climate Indices for the Arab Region
This booklet presents the results of the analysis based on the climate modelling outputs conducted by SMHI within the framework of RICCAR. It shows the projected temperature and precipitation results and extreme climate indices illustrated for the Arab Domain and the projected extreme climate parameters as the change projected between the twenty-year time periods.

Training Manual on the Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Methodology

This training manual is prepared as part of the United Nations-League of Arab States Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region (RICCAR). It was developed by ACSAD of the League of Arab States, GIZ and ESCWA in partnership with the League of Arab States. Funding for the training manual was provided by the contributing author institutions and the financial support of the Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (ACCWaM) project, which is coordinated by GIZ on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) of Germany. Technical advisory services funded under the GIZ/ACCWaM project were provided by adelphi (Germany) and EURAC research (Italy).
This training manual details the methodology developed within the framework of the RICCAR project to conduct an integrated vulnerability assessment for the Arab region and that is the outcome of a series of consultations with regional stakeholders and experts, including representatives of Arab States and regional organizations contributing to the annual RICCAR Expert Group Meetings, the RICCAR Vulnerability Assessment Working Group and the RICCAR Task Forces. The Arab Ministerial Water Council and Arab Permanent Committee for Meteorology were also regularly advised on progress related to the preparation of this manual. The methodology is also the outcome of discussions with the RICCAR implementing partners and regional research centres engaged in climate change impact assessment, vulnerability assessment and capacity development for climate change adaptation in the Arab region. These contributions to the development of this methodology support the collective aim to prepare a common integrated assessment for the Arab region.
The training manual provides practical step-by-step guidance for understanding the various components of preparing a vulnerability assessment through the use of RCM and RHM outputs, as well as geospatial and statistical tools. It is structured into three parts in a user-friendly manner:
- Part I outlines the integrated vulnerability assessment approach to help the user gain an understanding of the vulnerability assessment components as well as the thematic, spatial and temporal scope of the RICCAR assessment.
- Part II provides practical guidance on how to implement the integrated vulnerability assessment methodology using GIS tools;
- Part III offers some technical guidance on the use of remote sensing for image classification.
The manual is complemented by a stand-alone Annex that provides the list of indicators, indicator fact sheets and impact chains for each sector that are used to prepare the integrated vulnerability assessment at Arab regional level, as well as information on associated data sources and references.

تقييم أثر تغيّر المناخ على الموارد المائية وقابلية تأثر القطاعات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية في المنطقة العربية: إطار منهجي لإجراء تقييم متكامل

تعمل الإسكوا بوصفها جهة تنسيق المبادرة الإقليمية مع كل من الحكومات العربية، ومنظمات الأمم المتحدة، والأمانة العامة لجامعة الدول العربية ومنظماتها المتخصصة، والمؤسسات الدولية والإقليمية، والجهات المانحة، ومراكز الأبحاث على تنفيذ هذه المبادرة بناء على ركائزها الأربع وبنيتها المتفق عليها. ولدعم عملية لتنفيذ هذه المبادرة، تعرض هذه الوثيقة الإطار اللازم لإعداد عنصري تحليل أثر تغيّر المناخ وتقييم قابلية التأثر في المبادرة الإقليمية بناءً على منهجية متكاملة في التقييم. كما تتناول العناصر الأساسية الخمسة لإجراء تقييم متكامل لتأثير تغيّر المناخ على الموارد المائية ونتائجه على قابلية تأثر القطاعات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية في المنطقة العربية. وتستند منهجية التقييم المتكاملة هذه إلى العناصر التالية المفصلة في عدة فصول: وضع نماذج الدوران العالمية لتغيّر المناخ، ووضع نماذج مناخية إقليمية، ووضع نماذج هيدرولوجية إقليمية، وتقييم قابلية تأثر القطاعات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية ووضع خرائط متكاملة. وتسترشد هذه العناصر باختصاصات عدة لعرض النتائج الإقليمية وتعزيز الحوار الإقليمي، ودعم المساهمات الإقليمية في المنتديات العالمية، وإنشاء قاعدة معرفية إقليمية، وإعلام البلدان العربية بالقضايا المشتركة في ما يتعلق بدعم تدابير التكيف مع تغيّر المناخ


The methodological framework presented in this guidance document outlines the integrated assessment approach being implemented in support of the Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region. The approach combines climate change impact assessment and vulnerability assessment tools into a five step integrated assessment methodology that is based on global climate modelling, regional climate modelling, hydrological modelling, vulnerability analysis and integrated mapping tools. The guidance document aims to facilitate understanding of the methodological framework that will generate findings for informing and fostering policy dialogue on the expected impacts and implications of climate change on sustainable development in the Arab region.

Brochure on Regional Initiative